The buttocks are formed from the so-called ischial legs at the lower end of the pelvis as well as the covering buttock muscles and a more or less pronounced layer of fat. In principle, the buttocks represent the connection between the back and the thigh on the back. The buttocks are seen as a cross-gender attractiveness feature in humans and at the same time as a rather impure part of the body. The sexual attraction is usually associated with the recognizable curves of the buttocks and the unsanitary associations relate to the anal groove or the anus there. The gluteal muscles take on important functions when walking upright and, together with the fat pads, they bear considerable strain when sitting.
The two buttocks, which are separated in the middle by the anal groove, are traversed by the glutes, with the gluteus maximus, the gluteus medius and the gluteus minimus muscles to be found on both sides. The large gluteus muscle (gluteus maximus) attaches to the bow of the ilium and the sacrum as well as to the lower leg. It is one of the strongest muscles in the body and acts as an extension of the hip joint when standing or walking. In addition, the large glutes, like the gluteus medius and the gluteus minimus, make a significant contribution to stabilizing the pelvis.
Complaints in the buttocks area can be of many different types. These occur relatively frequently in the area around the anus. For example, anal itching and pain may result from anal fissure or hemorrhoidal disease. But muscular complaints or impairments of the musculoskeletal system such as a blockage of the sacroiliac joint are also not uncommon in the buttocks area. A typical feature in this case is buttock pain, which often radiates to the back. The same applies to the chronic inflammatory, rheumatic disease ankylosing spondylitis (ankylosing spondylitis). However, the buttocks pain does not necessarily have to indicate a disease, but they can also appear as severe muscle soreness as a result of acute stress, such as when cycling or hiking. Inflammatory events such as the development of a coccyx fistula should be mentioned as further possible symptoms in the buttocks area. Back pain can also radiate into the buttocks area, for example in the case of a pinched sciatic nerve. Repeated buttock pain should urgently be clarified by a doctor regardless of its exact location. (fp)
Buttocks / buttocks
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